Grammar is a significant part of the QTS Literacy Skills Test and it is an area of English that is often neglected. Most people use social media, text and write quick emails, all of which contain poor grammar. Grammar has started to play more significant role in the English curriculum in recent years and as a result is a large part of the QTS Literacy Skills Test.
Section 1: Spotting Grammatical Errors
It is often the case that, when speaking, the listener will overlook grammatical errors and receive the intended meaning of what is being conveyed. Similarly, many TV programmes want to reflect society and will emulate these errors, which can result in reinforcing the errors as being acceptable and the norm.
Have a look at the sentences below and see if you can identify any errors.
She asked me to clean the house, tidy the garden, collect the kids from school and also do the shopping!
I saw them in the shop window and knew they were the shoes for me.
I was stood for 20 minutes, in the freezing cold, then the bus arrived.
I went to the supermarket’s 10 items or less counter.
Who are you going with?
The taxi finally arrived.
I need to post the invites today.
Section 2: Subject Verb Object.
The focus of the QTS literacy test is on accuracy, so you should read the whole section very carefully. Sometimes it is obvious that certain options are incorrect but deciding which is correct can be difficult. Sometimes, it can help to imagine that you are saying the words aloud and be guided by your instinct. Key to the success is knowing about agreement of the past, present and future tenses as well as the agreement of singular and plurals. Also, English is about word order. For example: ‘You do like sprouts’ (which is a statement) and ‘Do you like sprouts?’ which is a question).
If we look at a few simple sentences then you will see some important rules:
Subject Verb Object.
I walked with Junaid.
I is the subject who does the action or verb.
Walked is the verb or doing word.
Junaid is the object of the sentence and follows the verb.
Using the sentence, ‘I walked with Junaid’ replace the words ‘I and Junaid’ with ‘who and whom,’ but first you need to know that ‘who’ is the subject and ‘whom’ is the object.
Now you know the rule for when to use ‘who’ and when to use ‘whom!’
Section 3: Personal Pronouns
You will hear the term personal pronoun but do you know what is meant by the term?
Look at the two tables below and note how box one (I, you and he/she) is in the singular but box two is in the plural (we, you and they).
Next, notice how the pronouns are categorised as 1st, 2nd or 3rd.
Finally, make a comment explaining how the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, singular and plural categorisation is formed.
I eat cake
You eat cake
He / she eats cake
We eat cake
You (lot) eat cake
They eat cake
Section 4: Personal Pronouns Part 2
Following the format of the Personal pronouns in the boxes above (and starting with the word ‘mine’) can you list the 3 singular and 3 plural Possessive Pronouns?
Can you do the same (starting with ‘myself’) and list the Reflexive pronouns?
We have mentioned nouns (such as book, table and boy), pronouns (such as Leeds, Easter and Everest) and personal pronouns (such as I, you and she) but, do you know the definitions for these terms? If not, ask your tutor or use a dictionary to find the answer.
We have mentioned verbs but can you give a definition of a verb? If not, use a dictionary to update your knowledge.
Similarly, can you define adjectives and adverbs? Also, can you remember where they are used in the sentence? If not, check your understanding with a dictionary or a grammar book and/or ask your tutor.
TASK 3. Original Writing:
Return to you earlier pieces of original writing and add to it, or start a new section, which adheres to the grammatical rules above and demonstrates your knowledge.